While at the dentist office, you may hear a word or phrase that’s unfamiliar to you. We want you to feel completely at ease in our office. That’s why we are devoting the next three blog posts to explaining some common dental terms. Here are the first few.
Abrasions occur when a tooth shows signs of abnormal wear. This usually appears along the tooth’s gum line and is often caused by a hard-bristled toothbrush, or overaggressive brushing. Grinding can also cause similar wear.
Bonding is a tooth-coloured material that can be used to change a tooth’s shape and/or colour. It also refers to the way fillings, orthodontic appliances, and fixed dentures attach to the tooth.
Canines are teeth that can be distinctively longer, pointier, or more fang-like than our other teeth. These teeth are also called cuspids.
Dentin is a hard layer of the tooth, just below the outer enamel. It is softer than the enamel, darker in colour, and contains the tooth’s nerves. If the enamel wears away and the dentin is exposed, it can cause tooth sensitivity.
Enamel is the hardest part of the human body. It is the outer, white layer of the tooth.
Fracture is a broad term used to describe a broken tooth. The break can be slight, requiring minor treatment, or the break can be more severe and the tooth will need to be replaced.
Gingivitis occurs when the gums are inflamed – red, swollen, and bleed easily. Proper home care and regular dental appointments can reverse gingivitis. But if it is not dealt with, gingivitis can lead to more serious, painful, and irreversible gum problems.
Halitosis is the clinical name for bad breath. There are a number of causes, including cavities, gum disease, oral bacterial, and oral cancer. Regular dental appointments and daily brushing and flossing can greatly reduce the signs of bad breath.
If you have any questions about any of the dental terms above or about anything that we didn’t mention, please contact our office at (514) 364-3366 or click here to visit our website. Also be sure to visit our Facebook page to keep up with information that affect your dental health and wellness.