Did you know that there is more bacteria in your mouth, than people in the world! Over 7 BILLION. While not all oral bacteria is bad, some of it can be harmful.
Gum disease (periodontal disease) happens when bacteria overstays its welcome, and builds up to create a sticky, colourless film on your teeth. This film is called plaque. If plaque is not removed properly with daily brushing and flossing, it can build up, infecting your teeth, gums, and eventually the bone.
Like other diseases, you can spread gum disease from person to person. When you bite off food for a child, your harmful bacteria are passed on to them. When you kiss someone with gum disease, their harmful bacteria is passed on to you.
Current research has made a connection between gum disease and Type 2 Diabetes, Alzheimer’s disease, blood clots, stroke, heart disease, breast cancer, Osteoporosis, fertility, respiratory disease, preterm and low birth weight babies
If you have been diagnosed with gum disease, disease-causing bacteria are likely forming colonies in your mouth, causing localized inflammation and damage to your gum tissue. These bacteria can enter the blood stream through small ulcers in your gum tissue, which can lead to further health risks and even systemic diseases.
What are the Three Stages of Gum Disease?
Stage One: Gingivitis
The gums are inflamed from a buildup of plaque on the gum line. If not removed with daily brushing and flossing, plaque produces toxins (poisons) that can irritate the gums, causing gingivitis.
At this early stage, damage can be reversed, since the bone and the tissues that hold the teeth in place have not yet been affected. Signs of this early stage include some bleeding during brushing and flossing.
Stage Two: Periodontitis
The supporting bone and the fibers that hold your teeth in place are now irreversibly damaged. Gums may begin to form pockets below the gumline, trapping food and plaque. Proper dental treatment and improved home care can often help prevent further damage.
Stage Three: Advanced Periodontitis
In the final stage of gum disease, the bone and fibers supporting your teeth are destroyed, causing your teeth to shift or loosen. This may affect your bite and, if aggressive treatment can’t save them, teeth may need to be removed.
Signs That You May Have Gum Disease
The early stages of gum disease are not always easy to self detect. That’s why regular periodontal examinations with your hygienist and dentist are so important. Symptoms often remain unnoticed until the disease is advanced. They can include persistent bad breath, red/swollen gums, tender/bleeding gums, painful chewing, loose teeth, sensitive teeth.
If you are concerned that you may have gum disease, we can recommend a solution, specifically designed for your needs. You can contact our office at (514) 364-3366 or click here to visit our website. Also be sure to visit our Facebook page to keep up with information that affect your dental health and wellness.